International Organizations

  Here gives organizations deals international matters of countries which include political, economical, health, Cultural etc.

BRICS -

BRICS Established in 2009.

Members –  Brazil  ,  Russia  , India  , China  , South Africa.  

Initially South Africa was not in BRICS. It was only BRIC .

Later Africa invited to join in December 2010.

G7-

Established in 1975.

Members :  Canada  ,  USA  , UK  ,  France  ,  Germany  ,  Japan  and  Italy.

Role :   The heads of government of the member states meet on the annual G7 summit  .  The major purpose of the G-7 is to discuss and deliberate an international economic issues  .  It sometimes act in concern to help resolve other global problems with a special focus on economic issues.

G20-

Established In 1999.

Members: The G20  (  Group of 20 )  is an international forum which includes 19 of the World’s largest economies and the European Union.

Role :  The group of 20 or G20 is the premier forum for international Co-operation on the most important aspects of the international economic and financial Agendas.

 Since December 1st , 2020 Italy holds the presidency of the G20.

European Union -

Established in 1993.

Members 27.

Role : The European union plays important role in diplomacy , the promotion of human rights , trade , development , and humanitarian aid working with multilateral organisations.

European Union Brexit : On January 31 , 2020  , the United Kingdom ( UK  ) finally left the European Union . European Union is the first country to leave EU.

Headquarters :  Brussels.

Amnesty International (AI) -

Head quarters : London , United Kingdom.

Established in 1961.

Role : Amnesty draws attention to human rights abuses and it campaigns for compliance with international laws and standards. It works to mobilize public opinion to generate pressure on government where abuse take place.

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries ( OPEC ) -

Headquarters  :  Vienna , Autria.

Established in 1960.

Members – 13.

Role : To co ordinate and unify the petroleum policies of its member countries and ensure the stabilization of oil markets in order to secure an efficient , economic and regular supply of petroleum to countries.

Association of South-East Asian Nations ( ASEAN ) -

Headquarters :  Jakarta ,  Indonesia.

Established in : 8 August 1967.

Members : 10  (  Brunei  ,  Cambodia , Indonesia , Laos  , Malaysia  , Myanmar  , the Philippines  ,  Singapore , Thailand  and  Vienna.

The South Asian Association of Regional Co-Operation   (  SAARC ) -

Head quarters : Kathmandu , Nepal.

Established in – 8th December 1985.

Members – 9 Countries – Afganistan , Bangladesh , Bhutan , India  , Maldives , Nepal , Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Role : To promote the welfare of people of South Asian , strengthen collective self – reliance , promote active collaboration and mutual assistance in various fields and co-operate with international and regional organizations.

New Devolopment Bank ( NDB ) -

Headquarters : Shanghai , China.

Established in : 2014.

Formerly referred to the BRICS Devalopment bank established by BRICS States.

Members : Brazil, Russia , India , China and South Africa.

Role : It is an international organization jointly founded by the BRICS Countries.

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Devolopment  ( OECD ) -

Headquarters – Paris , France.

Established in 1961.

Members : 37.

Role : The organization for Economic Co-operation and development ( OECD ) is an international organization that works to build better policies for better lives.

International Union for Concervation of Nature  (IUCN)  -

Headquarters : Gland , Switzerland.

Established in 1948.

IUCN is a global union compared of both government as well as Civil Society organizations . Aim is to encourage international Co-operation and provide scientific knowledge and tools to guide coservation action.

Interpol : International Criminal Police Organization  - 

         Headquarter : Lyon , France.

         Established in 1923.

         Members : 194 member countries including India.

         Role : It is an international Organization that facilitates worldwide Police Co-operation and crime controll. It’s World’s largest Police Organization.

Shanghai Co-operation Organization (SCO)  -

Headquarters : Beijing , China.

Established in – 2001.

Members : 8 ( China , Kazakistan , Kyrgystan , Russia , Tajikistan Uzbekistan , India and Pakistan.

India and Pakistan joined SCO as full members in 2017.

Role : Eurasian Political , Economic and Security alliance . 

Largest Regional Organization in the War in terms of geographical courage and population.

World Economic Forum ( WEF ) -

Headquarters  :   Geneva.

Established in – 24th January 1971.

Role : It is an international NGO of Public-Private partnership . The Forum engages the foremost political , business , cultural and other leaders of society to shape global , regional and industry agendas.

Asian Devolopement Bank (ADB) -

Headquarters : Philippines.

Establisheshed in : 19 December 1966.

Members : 66 Countries ( Including India ).

Role : To produce prosperity , inclusivity ,resilience and sustainability to Asia and Pacific along with eradicaton of povetry.

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