Kidneys

Kidneys

The Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that extract waste from blood, balance body fluids, form urine, and aid in other important functions of the body. They reside against the back muscles in the upper abdominal cavity. They sit opposite each other on either side of the spine. The right kidney sits a little bit lower than the left to accommodate the liver. When it comes to components of the urinary system, the kidneys are multifunctional powerhouses of activity. Some of the core actions are

Kidneys clean the blood and remove fluid.

Kidneys balance the amount of Potassium , Phosphorus and Calcium in the blood.

Some dietary contents ( such as Sodium and Protein ) can affect Kidneys.When the Kidneys do not function normally ,Levels of certain minerals can become too high , including Potassium and Phosphorous.

In some settings , patients can become full of fluid if not enough urine can be made .

Kidney diseases :

Accute Kidney injury :- Sudden Kidney damage that may be only temporary.

Chronic Kidney Disease ( CKD ) : – Kidneys lose their function overtime : this may lead to a need for dialysis.
Causes include high blood pressure , diabetes , genetic diseases and diseases that affect the immune system.

For eating well in case of Chronic Kidney Disease occurance ;A Proper diet is important. Some CKD patients may not eat enough food because ; proper appetite may not be present.They are told by doctors to limit certain types of foods/drinks and they don’t know what to eat. Here one should know what the proper diet is .

It is important to ;

Limit the intake of foods and drinks that can cause problems .
Make sure to eat enough food to avoid poor nutrition.

Patients with CKD should intake food containing ;

Calories ( Fats, Carbohydrates – Especially in diabetic patients – ),

Sodium-Potassium- Phosphorous- Calcium-Protein,

Fluids ( For some patients ),

Vitamins.

Kidney Dialysis is used for a patient suffering from Kidney trouble . Dialysis is a treatment that filters and purifies the blood using a machine .This helps keep our body in balance when the Kidneys can’t do their job.

Dialysis has been used since 1940s to help people with Kidney problems .Properly functioning Kidneys prevent extra water , waste and other impurities from accumulating in our body .

They also help control blood pressure and regulate the levels of chemicals in the blood , such as Sodium or salt and Pottassium .

They even activate a form of Vitamin D that improves the absorption of Calcium .

When our Kidneys can’t perform these functions due to a disease or injury , dialysis helps to keep the body as normally as possible .

Without dialysis , salts and other metabolic waste products will accumulate in the blood and poison the body .

However dialysis isn’t a cure for Kidney diseases or other problems affecting the Kidneys . Different treatments may also be needed to address these concerns .

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