Albert Einstein

Born on 14th March 1879 at Ulm , in the Kingdom of Württemberg , in Germany in a Jewish family. His father , Herman Einstein , was a salesman and engineer, and mother , the former Pauline Koch , ran the family households.

In Switzerland Einstein completed his early education and spent four years at the poly technical academy of Zurich. Einstein obtained his bachelor’s degree in 1900. In 1905 , he got Ph.D. from the Zurich university.

He was the German mathematician and physicist who developed the special and general theories of relativity. Einstein promulgated his theory of relativity in 1905 , when his reputation grew among the physicists of Europe.

This theory of relativity states that the speed of light appears to be the same weather an object is moving rapidly to meet it or going away from it. His scientific discoveries enabled Einstein to give some new theories regarding space, time and gravitation.

His work also had a major impact on the development of Atomic energy. In his later years , Einstein focused on unified field theory. With this passion for inquiry Einstein generally considered the most influential physicist of the 20th century.

In 1912, Einstein became a professor at the Zurich polytechnic ( Switzerland ) . In 1914 , he was invited to become a professor at Prussian Academy of science in Berlin.

In 1921, he won the Nobel prize for physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect.

The international fame to Einstein as a scientist of a very high caliber came in 1919 when his scientific theories were given recognition by the royal society of London, thereafter he made a wide tour across Europe explaining his views to the intellectuals.

The theory of relativity was discovered by Sir. Albert Einstein himself whereas he contributed immensely in quantum theory.

Einstein’s early contributions to quantum theory include his heuristic suggestion that ” light behaves as if it is composed of photons “, and his exploration of the quantum structure of the mechanical energies of particles embedded in matter.

The theory of radioactivity has no mention of Einstein. Similarly, the rocket propulsion system also has no mentioned contribution of Albert Einstein’s quantum theory.

When Hitler, who had a profound hatred for Jews came to power in 1933 Einstein left Germany, he immigrated to the U.S after being targeted by the German Nazi party. In 1935 Einstein was granted permanent residency in his adopted country and became an American citizen and settled permanently there thereafter.

Einstein also took up the classes of world peace. He died in Princeton ( USA ) on 18 April 1955, at the age of 76. At his request his brain and vital organs were removed for scientific study.

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